Music Composers

Franz Joseph Haydn-Part 5

April 1, 1732 to May 31, 1809

Lessons From Haydn's Life

by Henry T. Finck

Period of Development

By way of compensation for his conjugal misfit, Haydn was so very fortunate as to secure an engagement as kapellmeister of the private orchestra of Count Paul Anton Esterhazy, who had heard one of his symphonies at Morzin's Palace. The Count lived at Eisenstadt, in Hungary, which thus became Haydn's home from 1761 to 1769, when Prince Nicolaus Esterhazy, who succeeded Paul Anton in 1762, moved with his artists into his new palace at Suttor, in Bohemia. This palace, erected at a cost of 11,000,000 florins, was one of the wonders of the time, with its parks, greenhouses, grottoes and temples, and its theatre, at which often performances were given better than those that could be heard in Vienna.

Here Haydn had, beside a number of good Italian singers, an orchestra of thirty selected players, who were entirely at his disposal. What this meat to him he himself succinctly indicated in these words; "My Prince was always satisfied with my works; I not only had the encouragement of constant approval, but as a conductor of an orchestra I could make experiments, observe what produces effect and what weakened it, and was thus in a position to improve, alter, make additions or omissions, and be as bold as I pleased; I was cut off from the world, there was no one to confuse or torment me, and I was forced to be original."

The Etude Magazine January 1907






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